(Photograph by Denise Till)

The Fisher Memorial Trust was set up to promote interest in the life and work of the great
statistician, evolutionary biologist and geneticist, Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher (1890-1962) and to
maintain his scientific legacy by encouraging discussion of the scientific fields in which he was
active.

Charity Commission charity number 313536

An Obituary of Fisher is available here Sankhya Obituary by kind permission of the Indian Statistical Insitute (ISI).
The 1990 Centenary Fisher Lecture delivered at the Indian Statistical Institute on 30 December 1990 by Partha Majumder is avalable here
Centenary Lecture
by kind permission of *Current Science* and the Fisher Memorial Trust 1990 memorial Fisher lecture by Walter Bodmer
is available here Genetic sequences. An account
by Anthony Edwards of Fisher's eugenic theories can be found here The thoughtful eugenist 2020
There is discussion by Brian Charlesworth of the Eugenics Society 1933 view of eugenics in Nazi Germany here
R.A. Fisher, The Eugenics Society, and the Nazis in 1933

Society | Representative | Position |

Biometric Society | Prof Rosemary Bailey | |

Biometric Society | Vacancy*** | |

Biometric Society | Mr Andrew Mead | |

Genetics Society | Prof Brian Charlesworth****, FRS | Chairman |

Genetics Society | Prof Ian Tomlinson, FRS** | |

Royal Society | Sir Walter Bodmer, FRS | |

Royal Statistical Society | Prof Stephen Senn | Secretary |

Royal Statistical Society | Vacancy * |

* Dr Andrew Sutherland until the end of 2020

** Replaced Professor Adam Eyre-Walker in 2021

*** Professor Vern Farewell until May 2021

**** Took over from Sir Walter Bodmer as chairman on November 18 2021

Report for 2016

Report for 2017

Report for 2018

Report for 2019

Report for 2020

I | Dr. F. Yates | 23.3.66 | Computers, the second revolution in statistics. |

II | Dr. R. R. Race | 6.3.68 | Blood groups in human genetics |

III | Prof. E. A. Cornish | 3.9.69 | Developments from the Fisher-Cornish expansions. |

IV | Prof. K. Mather | 18.12.70 | Biometrical genetics. |

V | Prof. G. A. Barnard | 19.9.72 | Statistical inference and its historical development |

VI | Prof. L. L. Cavalli-Sforza | 24.6.74 | Cultural versus biological evolution |

VII | Prof. R. Hide | 17.11.77 | Motions in planetary fluids |

VIII | Prof. D. J. Finney | 20.9.78 | Bioassay and the practice of statistical inference |

IX | Prof. J. Maynard Smith | 19.3.81 | The evolution of the sex ratio |

X | Prof. J. H. Bennett | 3.6.81 | R. A. Fisher and The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection |

XI | Prof. S. Karlin | 20.4.83 | Kin selection and altruism |

XII | Prof. D. R. Cox | 5.4.84 | Regression and the design of experiments |

XIII | Prof. S. M. Stigler | 22.9.86 | Francis Galton and the unravelling of the normal world |

XIV | Prof. G. E. Box | 23.3.88 | Quality improvement, an expanding domain for the application of scientific method |

XV | Sir Walter Bodmer | 23.3.90 | Genetic sequences |

XVI | Prof. D. Lindley | 17.9.92 | Statistics of the market place |

XVII | Prof. A. J. Jeffreys | 16.8.93 | Molecular sleuthing: the story of genetic fingerprinting |

XVIII | Dr. A. W. F. Edwards | 20.10.94 | Fiducial inference and the fundamental theorem of natural selection |

XIX | Prof. M. J. R. Healy | 3.4.95 | The life and work of Frank Yates |

XX | Prof. J. A. Nelder | 5.9.96 | Computers and statistics: the continuing revolution. |

XXI | Sir John Kingman | 16.11.98 | Mathematics of genetic diversity: before and after DNA. |

XXII | Prof. B Efron | 12.9.00 | The essential Fisher |

XXIII | Sir Richard Doll | 29.10.01 | Proof of causality: Deductions from epidemiological evidence |

XXIV | Dr. Oliver Mayo | 26.06.02 | The realisation of Fisher's research programme |

XXV | Prof. Warren Ewens | 7.04.03 | Statistics and the transformation from genetics to genomics |

XXVI | Prof. Adrian Smith | 8.09.04 | Towards an evidence-based society: the role of statistical thinking |

XXVII | Prof. E.A.Thompson | 4.12.06 | 1953: an unrecognized summit in human genetic linkage analysis |

XXVIII | Prof. R.A. Bailey | 15.07.08 | Design of dose-escalation trials |

XXIX | Prof B Charlesworth and Prof D Charlesworth | 6.01.10 | Fisher and modern evolutionary genetics |

XXX | Prof Philip Dawid | 10.11.11 | Causal inference from experimental data |

XXXI | Prof Peter Donnelly | 14.11.12 | Genetic variation in human health and disease |

XXXII | Prof David Spiegelhalter | 3.07.13 | Putting life into numbers: the highs and lows of communicating statistics to the public |

XXXIII | Prof Bill Hill | 8.01.14 | Applying quantitative genetic and genomic information to animal improvement |

XXXIV | Prof Peter McCullagh | 27.10.15 | Empirical phenomena and universal laws |

XXXV | Prof Nancy Reid | 27.10.16 | Statistical science and data science: where do we go from here? |

XXXVI | Prof Stephen Senn | 04.09.17 | And thereby hangs a tail: the strange history of P-values |

XXXVII | Prof Joe Felsenstein | 04.01.2018 | Is there a more fundamental theorem of natural selection? |

XXXVIII | Prof Michael Goddard | 9.10.2018 | The genetic architecture of complex traits |

XXXIX | Prof Brian Cullis and Prof Alison Smith | 12.07.2019 | Design Tableau |

Alison Smith | Brian Cullis | Walter Bodmer thanking the Fisher lecturers |

The most recent Fisher lecture was given on 12 July 2019 by Brian Cullis and Alison Smith at the
7th IBS Channel Network Conference , Rothamsted.
The lecturers gave a spirited account of their increasing frustration at the lack of basic understanding of principles of experimental design and analysis shown by some life scientists and the practical steps they had taken through creation of their *Design Tableau* approach to providing a principled framework that life scientists could use to apply appropriate methods to design and analysis. This incorporated ideas that statisticians working at Rothamsted and elsewhere had developed, starting with Fisher himself. The 100th anniversary of Fisher's arrival at Rothamsted made a fitting occasion for a fine lecture that was appreciated by the audience in particular because the lecturers appropriately illustrated theoretical points with practical examples. Walter Bodmer, as Fisher Memorial Trust chairman, chaired the session and presented the speakers with the customary engraved sliver bowl afterwards. This was followed by lunch in honour of the lecturers, which lecturers, Trust members and various guests, including several Fisher family members, attended.

**Fisher family members Jenny Tebboth, Rose Newsom and Sarah Posey**

The title and abstract for the lecture are given below.

We were fortunate enough to have trained and worked as young biometricians when analysis of variance (ANOVA) techniques were the primary method of analysis for comparative experiments.

Our tool of trade was the GENSTAT package, so that the elegant notation of Wilkinson and Rogers and the framework of Block and Treatment structures became ingrained in our statistical thinking. So, despite the complexity of the LMM we now use, we appreciate the importance of maintaining these fundamental concepts, in particular the link between the analysis and the experimental design. We are concerned that this view is shared by only a few, as is evidenced by what we regard as a widespread mis-use of LMM for comparative experiments. This may either be due to an unintentional lapse in transitioning from ANOVA to LMM or a complete lack of exposure to traditional methods of analysis for comparative experiments.

Over recent years, we have made it a priority to fill in this gap for our young statistical colleagues at the University of Wollongong.
In particular we have attempted to provide a link between ANOVA and LMM and to explain how to derive LMM that reflect the randomisation
employed in the design of the experiment, no matter how complex. We found this to be a non-trivial task and tried numerous educational
tools but without great success. A turning point was Brian's introduction of an Honours Statistics course on experimental design at the
University of Wollongong. He based this course on Rosemary Bailey's book and found words of wisdom that have inspired us to develop an
approach that we have termed *Design Tableau* (DT). The main aim of DT is to provide a simple, but general series of steps for specifying
the LMM for a comparative experiment. It is founded on the seminal work of Sir Ronald Fisher, John Nelder, Rosemary Bailey and Robin Thompson.
The motivation and concepts underlying Design Tableau will form the basis of our presentation. We will discuss the formal link between ANOVA
and LMM, describe the steps that constitute DT, illustrate DT for simple cases in which the LMM may be used to re-produce an ANOVA and finally
demonstrate how DT can be applied in a wide range of complex comparative experiments.

from Walter Bodmer

**Fisher grandson Richard Newsom with Walter Bodmer**

The 38th Fisher Memorial Lecture was given by by Professor Michael Goddard
in Edinburgh on 9 October 2018 as part of a
centenary meeting
sponsored by the
Fisher Memorial Trust, the Genetics Society, the Galton Institute, the London Mathematical Society and the Royal Statistical Society, to celebrate
the publication of Fisher's famous paper: "The correlation between relatives on the supposition of Mendelian inheritance.
*Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.* 1918;**52**:339-433.

Mike delivered a fine lecture as a fitting end to an excellent day in which Fisher's legacy and more modern developments were presented by a number of research veterans and some early career researchers. This was followed by a reception open to all attendees at which the Fisher Memorial Trust were delighted to have the presence of Fisher's grandson Richard Newsom. This was in turn followed by the usual Fisher Memorial Dinner for the lecturer and guests.

A simple but surprising result is that most quantitative genetic variation is due to very many polymorphisms, each with a tiny effect on the trait, and segregating in the population at moderate allele frequencies. For instance, there are approximately 10,000,000 sites in the genome where a mutation can affect a typical quantitative trait. Each generation, mutation generates new variation; some of the new mutant alleles have a large effect, but selection keeps them very rare. Most of the variation is caused by mutations of small effect that are almost neutral, and hence segregate at moderate allele frequencies. However, occasionally a mutation is favoured by selection and while it segregates generates a large variance. This is most common when the environment changes greatly so that the direction of selection on some mutations reverses. This new understanding explains many previously puzzling results, such as the linear response to artificial selection and the failure to find the genes causing variation in complex traits.

The ability to genotype thousands of SNPs at moderate cost has been utilised in methods of genomic selection or genomic prediction, which predict the genetic value of individuals for a trait based on SNP genotypes. This method is revolutionising animal and plant breeding and will be important in human medicine, for instance in personalised medicine.

Unfortunately the lecture has had to been postponed and it will now be given at a later date. When further details are available, they will be given here.

The RA Fisher Digital Archive University of Adelaide

Figures from the history of statistics Site maintained by John Aldrich

A Guide to R.A. Fisher Specific Fisher guide maintained by John Aldrich

Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher MacTutor History of Mathematics Biography

Ronald Aylmer Fisher Monash University Fisher pages

COPSS Awards COPSS Distinguished Achievement Award and Lectureship

Chance, risk and healthOpen University series of 4 podcasts on RA Fisher and his legacy

Page of quotations from the works of Fisher collected by Anthony Edwards

Fisher pages last updated 09 January 2022

Page maintained by Stephen Senn stephen@senns.uk